Defying the nazis in vichy france the resistance trilogy book 2 moorehead, caroline on. The persecution began in 1940, and culminated in deportations of jews from france to nazi concentration camps in nazi germany and nazioccupied poland. Since july 1940, upon being invaded and defeated by nazi german forces, the. In fact they, for the main part, preferred the germans. Despite vichy frances assurances to the british that the vichy french would not allow the french fleet to fall into german hands, the very real possibility of the french fleet falling into german hand. The vichy government, which was a satellite state of germany, controlled the southern half of france. Might the fact that this hero the leader of one of frances most.
The french resistance supplied the allies with vital intelligence reports as well as doing a huge amount of work to disrupt the german supply and communication lines within france. It is a wonderfully researched book based largely on contemporary german and french archives and avoiding, where possible, the selfserving postwar press coverage and trial statements. Defying the nazis in vichy france the resistance trilogy book 2. The history of nazi germanys occupation of france during world war ii was quite interesting especially for a person who has minimal knowledge of that time and government. The vichy governments in fact survived for four years by never promulgating a new. List of books and articles about vichy france online. The main collaborator was the vichy government, which controlled the occupied part of france as a puppet government for the nazis. Defying the nazis in vichy france by caroline moorehead.
Yet the vichy government went further and registered its jews. Life in occupied france during the second world war the nazis maintained a stranglehold over the media in occupied france, where resistance fighters lived in constant fear tue 8. But while vichy tried to reverse the small, liberal steps made in the thirties, the facts of the war pulled the other way. Collaborationism in france during world war h stanley hoffmann harvard university i more than twenty years have passed since the liberation of france, and the flood of books about vichy and the resistance has not receded. Collaborationism in france during world war ii jstor. In 1944, the vichy government moved to nazi germany, and later disbanded. His hero, billy pilgrim, was a world war ii soldier who. The vichy french fought the allies in africa, syria, and even madagascar. The battle of alamein turning point, world war ii by john bierman by john. First, though, a few key facts about the jewish community in france and french antisemitism before the war, without which the history of vichys actions is incomprehensible.
The french resistance cuts a wide swath in the public imagination, and not only in france. Was vichy france a puppet government or a willing nazi collaborator. The best books on the other france five books expert. During the first two centuries ad, vichy became fairly prosperous because of the supposed medicinal value of the thermal springs. After the french revolution, it created the most important social division in. After the fall of france during wwii, a puppet regime was established, with its administrative center in the town of vichy, declaring itself the vichy government of france. The cover is a picture of village of le chambonsurlignon. French public to face without too much shame such facts as petains. Vichy france was established after the french surrender to germany on june 22nd, 1940. Paxton focuses in on the vichy government during the german occupation. Vichys hot mineral springs made it one of the foremost spas in europe, with a casino now a convention center and grand hotels. Laval, originally a deputy and senator of pacifist tendencies, shifted to the. The collapse of france, just six weeks after hitlers initial assault, ripped up the balance of power in europe. The history of nazi germanys occupation of france during world war ii looks at france after its downfall and the occupation that lasted until late 1944.
In 1944, the government moved to nazi germany, and later disbanded. I rarely find myself reading history books these days, but vichy france was a totally engaging experience. Sep 20, 2019 explore garyanderson501s board history. Vichy, a spa town in central france, is famed as the home of the vichy government during world war ii, although the town tries to play down its association with nazi germany. Operation torch landed on the shores of french morocco on november 8, 1942, with ranger cv4, suwanee acv27, sangamon acv26, and santee acv29 supporting u. The state building that created modern france, he suggests, began as early as the third republic 18701940 and continued under vichy 19401944, which, though rightly thought of as an. Remembering a woman who was a leader of the french resistance. Its effective control extended only to unoccupied france and its colonies. A history of the jews by paul johnson weidenfeld and nicholson, 1987 vichy france and the jews by michael marrus, robert paxton schocken, 1983 vichyauschwitz by serge klarsfeld fayard. On november 10, 1942, german troops occupy vichy france, which had previously been free of an axis military presence. France is making thousands of vichyera documents public. It is 384 pages long including notes and a bibliography. It was led by marshal petain, notable for helping to win world war i.
Vichy france july 1940september 1944, france under the regime of marshal philippe petain, from frances defeat by nazi germany to its liberation by the allies in world war ii. After the war, vichy apologists tried to claim that the government was coerced by the german occupiers into their less palatable policies. It was led by philippe petain, notable for helping to win. The vichy regime was the french government which succeeded the third republic from july 1940 to august 1944. The name was taken from the administrative capitol of the new government located in vichy, france located in the central part of the country. Why was vichy france important during world war ii. Petains government remained in vichy as the nominal government of france, albeit one that collaborated with nazi germany from november. Smart news keeping you current france is making thousands of vichyera documents public archives regarding the vichy regimes collaboration with the nazis made freely accessible. The vichy government, which was a satellite state of germany, controlled the unoccupied parts of france until 1942. In the first, called fall gelb in german called case yellow in english, german tank units pushed through the ardennes, to circle the allied units that moved into belgium. Defying the nazis in vichy france by caroline moorehead a story of wartime bravery and resistance in which a french village helped 3,000 jews to safety elizabeth lowry. An american diplomat in vichy france association for. Was vichy france a puppet government or a willing nazi.
The history of nazi germanys occupation of france during world war ii charles river. Evacuated from paris to vichy in the unoccupied free zone in the southern part of metropolitan france which included french algeria, it remained responsible for the civil administration of france as well as the french colonial empire. In 1940, the nazis wanted only to dump german jews into unoccupied france. On 6 december 74, the last part of vichy was acquired by louis ii, duke of bourbon. In addition to bottled vichy water, pharmaceuticals, clothing, and cosmetics are manufactured. In world war ii, the battle of france, also called the fall of france, was the german invasion of france and the low countries, from 10 may 1940, and ended the phoney war. Dr gary sheffield considers the dramatic and unexpected defeat of the allied forces. The holocaust in france refers to the persecution, deportation, and annihilation of jews and roma between 1940 and 1944 in occupied france, metropolitan vichy france, and in vichycontrolled french north africa, during the world war ii. Vichy france july 1940september 1944, france under the regime of marshal philippe petain, from france s defeat by nazi germany to its liberation by the allies in world war ii. Shortly after nazi germany invaded france in may 1940, the french government surrendered and signed the second armistice. Vichy is renowned as one of the largest spas in france.
Actors read great books best audiobooks for kids books narrated by their. How did vichy france find any soldiers to fight the allies. These images reveal only a tiny part of the fluctuating, diverse, squabbling world of the resistance. This book by robert paxton has the reputation of being the classic work on vichy france, and deservedly so. Vichy france was the government set up by the germans in southern france in 1940 during world war ii. Books and films have planted indelible images of derailed trains and makeshift airstrips at midnight.
Pierre laval, the puppet leader of nazioccupied vichy france, is executed by firing squad for treason against france. France was divided into occupied and unoccupied zones, germany would have direct control of 35ths of france including the atlantic coast and western france. In all, the four flattops embarked 109 grumman f4f4 fighters with sixtytwo douglas sbd3 and grumman tbf1 bombers. Any recommendations for good books about vichy france. Vichy s hot mineral springs made it one of the foremost spas in europe, with a casino now a convention center and grand hotels. Along with pictures of important people, places, and events, you will learn about vichy france like never before, in no time at all. This book is essential reading for anyone who wants to know more about the genesis and development of vichy france during world war ii. On 2 september 44, john ii of france ceded the noble fiefdom of vichy to peter i, duke of bourbon.
The remainder of the country would be governed by the french government at vichy with henriphilippe petain as its head. Life in occupied france during the second world war. Encompassing its whole range of activities is a challenge. Inspire a love of reading with prime book box for kids. Vonneguts book was a combination of real events and science fiction. Fighting vichy, 19401942 christopher silvester examines britains battles with vichy france. In addition to bottled vichy water, pharmaceuticals. How france dealt with those who collaborated with the. Unfortunatly the two books on my shelf the dark years and vichy france have nothing on either item.606 716 1144 302 285 430 545 548 824 214 682 1441 913 895 318 213 380 994 486 1370 1181 660 608 1241 912 936 162 1138 296 1322 1100 1127